What Causes Frizzy Hair?
The hair is known as the body’s crowning glory, especially for ladies. In a day, you can easily spend a hour or 2 grooming your hair: shampooing, drying, styling, combing, and making necessary retouches. Your value for your hair as evident in your conscious or unconscious habit of touching it. But aside from aesthetic purposes, your hair’s appearance tells a lot about your lifestyle and health.
Almost all human beings are blessed with hair, but hair types and hair growth differ from one another. However, the presence of these differences exempts no one from having frizzy hair. Before knowing the causes of frizzy hair, you must first know how the humans skin and the human hair work within your body.
How the Human Skin and Hair Work Together
The skin is the largest organ because it covers the whole body. Its two major parts include the epidermis and the dermis.
The epidermis consists of five layers. The outermost layer, or your skin’s surface, is made up of dead cells, while the innermost layer is responsible for cell generation. When new cells grow and divide from the innermost layer, they push older cells upward until they become your skin’s surface. The dermis, which is found below the epidermis, contains your skin cell’s nutrient-supplying blood vessels.
Hair starts deeply from the human skin. And hair growth cycle has three stages. The anagen phase starts with a hair follicle – the unseen part of hair located in your dermis. The anagen phase usually lasts for six years, which makes it possible to grow your hair longer. Ninety percent of your present hair undergoes this stage.
The hair follicle has several parts:
- Bulge. This is where stem cells come from.
- Outer root sheath. This is the passage of the stem cells to the dermal papilla.
- Dermal papilla. This part gives nourishment to stem cells to start hair growth.
- Sebaceous glands. These glands are located beside the bulge. They release sebum, which helps the transport of stem cells from the bulge to the derma papilla.
- Hair bulb. This is the formed structure of the growing cells or the starting point of hair growth. Melanocytes are the cells in the hair bulb that produce melanin, which gives hair its color.
Meanwhile, the visible hair on your skin is called the hair shaft. It has three parts:
- Cuticle. These are the outermost 6 to 11 layers made up of overlapping semi-transparent keratin scales. The cuticle protects your cortex by minimizing the lost of moisture and by keeping the bond of your hair shaft and hair follicle.
- Cortex. This is the middle layer made up of long keratin filaments (disulfide and hydrogen bonds). The cortex provides the texture, color, flexibility, and strength of your hair.
- Medulla. This is the innermost layer made up of air spaces and keratin transparent cells. This is present in thick and large hairs.
The second stage is called the catagen phase, or the stoppage of hair growth. Follicle cells die, causing the hair shaft to detach from the germinal matrix. This cycle lasts for 2 to 3 weeks, and only 1% of your present hair undergoes this stage.
The last stage is called telogen, or the 3 to 4-month rest of the hair follicle from hair growth. This happens to 10% of your hair, where the outer root sheath remains connected to the dermal papilla.
This growth cycle repeats, depending on the human body. This shows that frizzy hair is inevitable, especially during the catagen phase as the shaft disconnects from the cell-generating part. However, there are still external factors which contribute to frizzy hair.
Product Misuse and Abuse Causes of Frizzy Hair
- Shower. Your shower routine can affect your hair. The first component is the longer shower time and the second one is the temperature of the water. Sweltering water and longer shower time remove the natural oils from your hair. The absence of these oils makes your hair dry and frizzy.
- Shampoo. The first factor is the frequency when you shampoo your hair every day. Shampooing should only be done twice or thrice a week. The second factor is the type of shampoo used. Shampoos with high PH levels cause frizzy hair. Using the wrong shampoo for your hair as well as the frequency also remove the natural oils of your hair.
- Hair color. Hair color products contain chemicals that break your hair’s structures. Although hair color is expected to add life, it causes dryness and frizz, if overused. The frequency should also be monitored and kept at a minimum.
- Hair brush. There are different hair brushes for each hair type, and using the wrong brush can cause frizz; like a sharply-toothed brush for fine, straight hair. Ion metal brush works best for fine curly hair, while plastic bone or wide toothed comb works best with Afrocentric or African American hair. Meanwhile, it is advised for all hair types to avoid thermal brushes which conduct heat and leave your hair dry and frizzy.
- Blow dryer. The misuse of temperature settings of your blow dryer dries your hair too much. Better choose an ionic blow dryer producing a negative charge, which could help your hair cuticle to become smooth and flat. For kinkier hair, it is recommended to use a hooded dryer. A diffuser is also a better alternative for hair drying.
- Towel. Using your towel to dry your hair causes frizz. When you rub your hair against your towel, the natural oils and moisture are removed. If you intend to dry your hair, squeeze water and use your diffuser or let the air dry it.
- Flat iron. The temperature and frequency can be controlled by using a flat iron. If you cannot avoid using it, set the flat iron to a lower temperature. Whether you plan to curl or straighten your hair, use it only when you really need it.
- Haircuts. Your hair style can make your hair look frizzier. If you already have frizzy hair, do not attempt to have a haircut with even length, emphasizing the volume of thick, curly, or coarse hair. Instead, choose hairstyles with medium to long layers.
- Hair Products. You might be using the wrong type of hair products, the wrong amount of hair products, or using the hair products the wrong way (wrong application and rinsing of hair products). The basic products are your shampoo and conditioner, and if you failed to invest in good quality, they might even contribute more frizzes to your hair.
The Things You Forget to Give Your Hair
While you have read the things and habits you have done to create frizzy hair, there are also things you forget to do to avoid hair frizz.
- You forget to brush your hair before taking a shower. Using a nylon mix and boar brush helps distribute hair products evenly during application.
- You forget to comb your hair while taking a shower. While a brush is used for dry hair, a wide toothed comb is recommended for a conditioned hair. Hair combing is better if your hair is already dry.
- You forget to apply deep conditioners, leave-in conditioners, protein-infused conditioners, shine serums, and oil-infused products. These products are not luxury, but a more efficient way to maintain your hair health instead of frequent visits at salons. Oils, such as argan, coconut, sunflower, olive, and avocado oils, help maintain your hair’s natural oil and moisture.
- You forget to trim your hair every 6 to 8 weeks. Untrimmed ends are usually dry and frizzy.
- You forget to apply your hair creams immediately after drying. These creams serve as your protection against frizz once your hair has dried.
- You forget to change your pillow cases. You can still take care of your hair while sleeping. Silk or satin pillowcases prevent hair frizz while those made with cotton makes your hair dry and frizzy.
- You forget to drink plenty of fluids. Your body’s lack of fluids causes dry skin, which eventually lowers your hair moisture and increases hair frizz.
Frizzy hair is not just a product of poor hair maintenance, but also an indicator of your body’s condition. Your hair condition is affected if your body is healthy and receives the right amount of nutrients. Your outer hair may be made of dead cells, but your hair starts from cells, which survive through proper nutrition. Therefore, you must strive to take care of your whole body to give your hair the natural glow it needs.
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